Nipah virus: Oman embassy issues warning for citizens travelling to India

26 May, 2018, 01:26 | Author: Wilson Dawson
  • The deadly Nipah virus has so far claimed 10 lived in Kerala

It reads: "Due to the outbreak of the rare Nipah virus in fruit bats in the southern Indian state of Kerala, the Consulate General of the United Arab Emirates in Kerala and South India advises its citizens to take precautionary measures and follow instructions issued by the concerned Indian authorities regarding their safety".

According to World Health Organization, human infections range from asymptomatic infection, acute respiratory infection (mild, severe), and fatal encephalitis.

Expert teams from the National Centre for Disease Control and All India Institute of Medical Sciences are camping in Kerala to study the situation.

Moosa's sons Muhammed Salih and Muhammed Sabith, and his brother Moideen's wife Mariam were the first victims of the Nipah virus outbreak in the state.

A global coalition set up a year ago to fight epidemics has struck a $25 million deal with two USA biotech companies to accelerate work on a vaccine against the brain-damaging Nipah virus that has killed 12 people in India. "In recent years, humans are animals are coming in contact with each other which is also causing outbreak of diseases such as Nipah", he added.

According to the ministry, of the 12 deaths so far due to the virus, nine people died in Kozhikode district and three in Mallappuram. The saliva of the fruit bat contains this virus. Pigs served as an intermediate host during this outbreak.

Though the state has procured "ribavirin" to treat the infected patients, it is yet to take a final call on whether to proceed with the same.


There is now no vaccine or drug available for humans or animals and the main treatment is intensive support care for those who are suffering from respiratory and neurologic problems.

The virus can also affect people's respiratory systems as they may suffer from a cough or have difficulty breathing.

A patient suffering from acute Nipah virus can fall into coma within 48 hours.

The incubation period (interval from infection to the onset of symptoms) is believed to range between from 4-14 days.

The virus travels through direct contact with a patient.

Meanwhile, the Karnataka Health Department has confirmed a suspected case of Nipah virus in the coastal city of Mangaluru.

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